Friday, March 31, 2006

Spencer Wells and John Hawks on Radio Open-Source

The Genetics of Genealogy is a page on Radio Open Source web site dedicated to the broadcast of a discussion with Spencer Wells, John Hawks and Andy Carvin, on genetics and genealogy.

The actual program can be heard at this link:

Wednesday, March 29, 2006

FTDNA has 59 marker test

FTDNA has announced a new 59 Marker test for the Y chromosome. The link above will take you to their page about Y DNA testing and the 59 marker test.

They have also revised their Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (TMRCA) chart to show how this test will help to lower the number of generations one needs to search for the common ancestor: How many markers to test?

The theoretical reality of these calculations will be tested when 59 marker results start to come in from know relatives.

Wednesday, March 15, 2006

10 SNPs sufficient to determine main biogeographic ancestry

This article will be available 6 months after publication:
Am J Hum Genet. 2006 Apr;78(4):680-90. Epub 2006 Feb 14.
Proportioning whole-genome single-nucleotide-polymorphism diversity for the identification of geographic population structure and genetic ancestry.
Lao O, Duijn K, Kersbergen P, Knijff P, Kayser M.
Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

The identification of geographic population structure and genetic ancestry on the basis of a minimal set of genetic markers is desirable for a wide range of applications in medical and forensic sciences. However, the absence of sharp discontinuities in the neutral genetic diversity among human populations implies that, in practice, a large number of neutral markers will be required to identify the genetic ancestry of one individual. We showed that it is possible to reduce the amount of markers required for detecting continental population structure to only 10 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), by applying a newly developed ascertainment algorithm to Affymetrix GeneChip Mapping 10K SNP array data that we obtained from samples of globally dispersed human individuals (the Y Chromosome Consortium panel). Furthermore, this set of SNPs was able to recover the genetic ancestry of individuals from all four continents represented in the original data set when applied to an independent, much larger, worldwide population data set (Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain-Human Genome Diversity Project Cell Line Panel). Finally, we provide evidence that the unusual patterns of genetic variation we observed at the respective genomic regions surrounding the five most informative SNPs is in agreement with local positive selection being the explanation for the striking SNP allele-frequency differences we found between continental groups of human populations.

PMID: 16532397 [PubMed - in process]